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Verified Purchase. Giles Lytton Strachey was born on March 1, 1880, at Stowey House, Clapham Common, to General Richard … I felt when … Virginia Woolf is considered to be one of the greatest twentieth century novelists and … Since 1982 the Bulwer Lytton Fiction Contest has challenged participants to write an atrocious opening sentence to a hypothetical bad novel. ↑ Freud wrote to Strachey, “As a historian … you show that you are steeped in the spirit of psychoanalysis” (Holroyd, Lytton Strachey, p. 615). [7] Chief among these, for Strachey, is the pious Christianity shared by all four of his subjects, and the book has been read (by Freud, among others) as an extended argument against religion. They demanded facts from him, as if facts could explain anything!”[11] Strachey writes: “Beneath her cool and calm demeanour lurked fierce and passionate fires…the high deliberation in the scope of the capacious brow, the sign of power in the dominating curve of the thin nose, and the traces of a harsh and dangerous temper – something peevish,something mocking, and yet something precise – the small and delicate mouth” (p.137). Strachey’s peculiar relationship with Carrington lasted (with many mutually excused infidelities) for the rest of their lives, and has become familiar to a broader audience through Michael Holroyd’s biography of Strachey and Christopher Hampton’s 1995 film, Carrington. It had a lot of detail, but the writing style was a bit dry and old-fashioned (the book was written a while ago). These are Books and Charac-ters (1922), Portraits in Miniature (193i), and Characters and Commentaries (1933). 17 quotes from Lytton Strachey: 'A writer’s promise is like a tiger’s smile', 'It is probably always disastrous not to be a poet. This edition includes Holroyd's commentary on the process of preparing the biography and working with the people who knew Lytton Strachey. Finally, from 1899 to 1905 he attended Trinity College at Cambridge, where he met future Bloomsburians Clive Bell, E.M. Forster, Thoby Stephen, and Leonard Woolf. [2] In 1897, Strachey entered Liverpool University College, where Sir Walter Raleigh (the husband of one of his cousins) was the King Alfred Professor of English Literature. Topic. [13] 1. Strachey had been impressed by the “strange power of ridicule” that he found in the prose of Dostoevesky, and in Eminent Victorians his tone is mischievously satirical as he exposes the generational hypocrisies that he felt had led to the war. Lytton Strachey captures her essential spirit in concise and elegant prose, with an eye and an ear keenly attuned to human nature, and its foibles. Categories Lytton Strachey, Prose, Short Questions Answers Tags #Literature #Short Answers #Eminent Victorian #Lytton Strachey #Florence Nightingale #Prose #Biographies Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. For example, according to Strachey, Manning was attracted to the Oxford Movement not because of the truth of its religious ideas but because it elevated the clergyman to a higher status: This Study Guide consists of approximately 62 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - It is less personal than informal style and it is used for professional and academic purposes like formal letters or documents used in different professions, format of assignments and thesis and formal style of hosting on the stage. [8] The book conveyed the sense of a necessary rupture with the past that was shared by Strachey’s modernist friends and contemporaries. One hundred years ago Lytton Strachey brought out Eminent Victorians, four novella-length biographical essays, composed in burnished, exquisitely ironic prose, that took gleeful aim at … Few writers have provoked as much excessive praise and scornful condemnation as English poet Rupert Brooke. Lytton Strachey Improves His Style, 1904-22 CHARLES RICHARD SANDERS" THREE of Lytton Strachey's books are collections of writings first published in periodicals. It's very complete, and I can not imagine it ever being superseded. Formal style is a style of language use for the purpose of uniformity. Amongst his brother and sisters were James Strachey, Oliver Strachey and Philippa Strachey. He was Secretary of State for the Colonies from June 1858 to June 1859, choosing Richard Clement Moody as founder of British Columbia. Satire is the use of wit and humor to ridicule or show scorn of a subject. In 1908, Strachey even proposed to Virginia, who would later portray him as St. John Hirst in The Voyage Out (1915). You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net In Elizabeth and Essex (1928), he dramatizes the life of a subject from an earlier historical period, using his prodigious imagination to compensate for the comparative lack of information about Elizabeth. In one sentence he will string together a series of effusive Victorian adjectives, suddenly to be concluded with a word that's surprisingly modern, terse, daring, even breathtaking. In the five years after leaving Cambridge, Strachey lived with his family, first at Lancaster Gate, then at their new home in Hampstead. While his work has not received the attention devoted to the literary figures of his generation, it remains essential for modernist criticism. Although the works are in the form of prose, yet they are closer to poetry, ... John Maynard Keynes, E. M. Forster, T.S Eliot and Lytton Strachey. Moore and Bertrand Russell. Michael Holroyd (London: Vintage, 1994), p. 25. TO JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES. In 1884, the family moved to 69 Lancaster Gate, in Central London, where they lived for much of Strachey’s childhood. [3] In 1910, Strachey was commissioned to write Landmarks in French Literature (1912), a clear and concise introduction to French literary history. Lady Strachey directed Lytton’s unconventional education, which included four years at Parkstone School (1889-1893) and two at Leamington (1894-1896), a semi-public school where he remembered being bullied for his spindly physique and experiencing homosexual desire for the first time. ↑ Lytton Strachey by Himself : A Self-Portrait, ed. [5] Before he was judged medically unfit for military service, he applied for an exemption on the basis of his belief “that the whole system by which it is sought to settle international disputes by force is profoundly evil; and that, so far as I am concerned, I should be doing wrong to take any active part in it.”[6] Strachey’s second biographical work, Queen Victoria (1921) is a more traditional Life, though still playfully ironic at points. Strachey's tone throughout tends to be mocking and half-amused, as he chronicles the curious antics of his subjects. Strachey’s exploration of Elizabeth’s love affairs, which has been read through the prism of his own sex life, also shows Freud’s influence on his understanding of sexuality (his brother James was the general editor for the still definitive Standard Edition of Freud’s works). Apart from his brilliant, lapidary style, Strachey’s great work amounts to what a lot of the other work of Bloomsbury amounts to: a big literary temper tantrum. In 1902, he was elected to the Apostles, the secret Cambridge Conversazione Society through which he met G.E. Discuss. It was also in this year that he met Henry Lamb (the object of one of Strachey’s frequent infatuations) and Lady Ottoline Morrell, the patroness of D.H. Lawrence and many other modernist writers. Lytton Strachey was an English biographer and critic, whose literary legacy includes the biography of Queen Victoria, Cardinal Manning, General Gordon and other notable figures. It was certainly not written in the style of a Strachey biography. The characteristics of the pre-Johnsonian prose style—the style which Dryden first established and Swift brought to perfection—are obvious enough. His choice has been determined by simple motives of convenience and of art. Strachey died of stomach cancer on January 21, 1932. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2005/03/14/bostrachey14.xml. [12] Strachey also leaves behind a collection of biographical essays entitled Portraits in Miniature (1931) and many critical essays on literature, some of which (including a long, unfinished article on Othello written near the end of his life) are collected in the posthumous Characters and Commentaries published by James Strachey in 1933. Strachey's satire in Eminent Victorians is pervasive. Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a historian, literary critic, and Bloomsbury wit whose ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past helped to define English literary modernism. They give one the facts so amazingly, don't they? His purpose is to illustrate rather than to explain. Finally, Strachey calls into question the heroism of General Gordon’s death during the Mahdist Revolt in the Sudan; far from seeming a great strategist, the military commander parades across the pages as a tempestuous zealot, “a fighter, an enthusiast, a bold adventurer.” Strachey’s critical accounts shocked his Edwardian audience, but contemporary readers will find them fascinating for their candid portrayals … The long-awaited publication of Strachey’s letters in 2005 also brought to light the sexual relationship with Roger Senhouse that occupied his final years. With Moore’s emphasis on aesthetic experience and personal relations as intellectual support, Strachey promoted the homosexuality that thrived among the Apostles as part of a subversive personal creed. ↑ Pericles Lewis, The Cambridge Introduction to Modernism (Cambridge UP, 2007), p. 113. ↑ Michael Holroyd, Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography (London: Chatto and Windus, 1994), pp. Although he expressed it in characteristically flamboyant terms (according to one story he said, “I am the civilization for which you are fighting”), Strachey was actually quite serious in his opposition. It also didn't have as much detail of her life after Prince Albert died, which was unfortunate. Introduction . everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Eminent Victorians. Strachey’s personal life was characterized by the same irreverence and unconventionality that mark his prose. Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932 Title: Lytton Strachey Collection 1885-1957 Dates: 1885-1957: Extent: 5 boxes (2.08 linear feet) Abstract: This collection documents the … Satire is the use of wit and humor to ridicule or show scorn of a subject. The book presents brief life histories of four Victorian icons: Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Dr. Thomas Arnold, and General Gordon. Strachey uses satire to present his view of Manning as a man of worldly ambition. World War I began soon after Strachey’s return from a tour of France and Italy, and his resistance to the war effort is legendary. Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, PC (25 May 1803 – 18 January 1873) was an English writer and politician.He served as a Whig member of Parliament from 1831 to 1841 and a Conservative from 1851 to 1866. Perhaps Lytton Strachey was the first to create "the new biography," not wrapping his subjects in flowery adjectives as was the style of his times, but instead skewering them with … 199-200. Strachey's satire in Eminent Victorians is pervasive. Strachey says that he has attempted to present some Victorian visions to the modern eye. se of semantics iis doen Throughout the prose, Strachey presents the Paul Levy (London: Viking Press, 2005). His poetry, with its unabashed patriotism and graceful lyricism, was revered in a country that was yet to feel the devastating effects of two world wars. In his Preface, Strachey echoes the modernist assumption that the author can present character only in fragmentary form, and he expresses this idea in a metaphor that recalls Joseph Conrad’s Marlow novels with their attention to chiaroscuro: “If he is wise, [the biographer] will attack his subject in unexpected places … he will shoot a sudden, revealing searchlight into obscure recesses, hitherto undivined.”[9] This understanding of the biographer as an imaginative interpreter casts doubt on Strachey’s more orthodox statement on the next page that “it is his business to lay bare the facts of the case.”[10] Taken together, the statements almost seem designed to provoke a reaction like Marlow’s as he describes the trial of Lord Jim: “Facts! One of the most famous and tortured romances in history - between Elizabeth I, Queen of England, and Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex - began in 1587, when she was fifty-three and he was nineteen. ', and 'As usual, it struck me that letters were the only really satisfactory form of literature. One of the leading members of the Bloomsbury group, he became known for his ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past, which helped to define English literary modernism. It was in this period that he grew close to Virginia Stephen (later Virginia Woolf) and her sister Vanessa, proving a valuable support for the family after the death of their brother Thoby. Lewis quotes from Samuel Hynes’s A War Imagined. In 1917, he moved into a house at Tidmarsh with the painter Dora Carrington. He later remembered life there as a combination of the bourgeois Victorian world of his parents, the decaying “aristocratic tradition” of their ancestors, and the “intellectualism and eccentricity” that formed a unique part of the “Strachey character.”[1] There are some principles from Strachey’s preface that biographers love to quote. MsEffie’s List of Prose Essay Prompts for Advanced Placement® English Literature Exams, 1970-2018* *Advanced Placement® is a trademark registered by the College Board, which is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, this website. ↑ The Letters of Lytton Strachey, ed. ... and for his book Style , an acclaimed guide to recognising and writing good prose. He is ready to poke fun wherever he can. ↑ Strachey, Eminent Victorians (Continuum, 2002), p. 3. Share. Abstract ‘You don’t know how superb one feels — writing a real book, with real chapters’, Lytton Strachey wrote to Maynard Keynes in the summer of 1904 (MH/LS, p. 223).This last, still unpublished book of Bloomsbury’s early Edwardian years is as important in its way to the Group’s literary history as The Court Theatre, Euphrosyne, or Where Angels Fear to Tread. Did n't have as much detail of her life after Prince Albert died, which was unfortunate perfection—are enough! 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